C-Section

@SHAPE_BUILDER_ANALYSIS {
@SHAPE_BUILDER_NAME {CsecName} {
@SHAPE_GROUP {WALLED_OPEN}
@SHAPE_TYPE {C_SECTION}
@OPTION_DEFINITION {o1, o2}
@DIMENSIONS {
@DIMENSION_01 {hw}
@DIMENSION_02 {tw}
@DIMENSION_03 {wtf}
@DIMENSION_04 {ttf}
@DIMENSION_05 {αtf}
@DIMENSION_06 {wbf}
@DIMENSION_07 {tbf}
@DIMENSION_08 {αbf}
@DIMENSION_09 {ttfr}
@DIMENSION_10 {tbfr}
@DIMENSION_11 {α}
@DIMENSION_12 {β}
}
@MATERIALS {
@MATERIAL_01 {Mat1}
@MATERIAL_02 {Mat2}
@MATERIAL_03 {Mat3}
}
@IS_DEFINED_IN_FRAME {FrameName}
@MESH_DENSITY {md}
@COMMENTS {CommentText}
}
}

Notes

  • ShapeBuilder can generate beam cross-sections in the shape of a “C.” To define a C-section, use the following parameters.
    1. @SHAPE_GROUP: WALLED_OPEN, and
    2. @SHAPE_TYPE: C_SECTION.
  • The base section is an open section consisting of top and bottom flanges connected by a web, as illustrated in fig. 1. Two options are available for this shape.
    1. Option 1, activated by setting o1 = 1, consists of a reinforcement located on top of the top flange.
    2. Option 2, activated by setting o2 = 1, consists of a reinforcement located at the bottom of the bottom flange.
  • Optional dimensions @DIMENSION_11 and @DIMENSION_12 define two shaping parameters, denoted α and β, respectively, which are used to round the corners of the section. (Default value: α = β = 0.5).
  • Sectional shapes are defined in their own local coordinate system, which is assumed to coincide with the global coordinate system. If a fixed frame, FrameName, is specified, the local coordinate system coincides with this fixed frame.
  • The mesh density parameter, md, determines the level of mesh refinement. (Default: md = 4)
  • It is possible to attach comments to the definition of the object; these comments have no effect on its definition.

The C-section: base configuration

Figure 1. The base configuration for the C-section.
  • Fig.1 illustrates the base configuration of the C-section, which is composed of the web, top flange, and bottom flange.
  • The geometric configuration of the C-section if defined by the dimensions listed in table 1, which are also indicated in figs. 1, 2, and 3. Dimensions labeled in red are required. Dimensions labeled in blue are optional and are assigned the default value indicated in table 1.
Component Dimension Symbol Default Nb.
C-section height hw required 01
Web thickness tw required 02
FlangeTop width wtf required 03
FlangeTop thickness ttf tw 04
FlangeTop skew angle αtf 05
FlangeBot width wbf wtf 06
FlangeBot thickness tbf ttf 07
FlangeBot skew angle αbf 08
Table 1. Dimensions defining the geometry of the C-section.
  • Zone 1 of the C-section is defined as follows.
    • It comprises the following faces: FlangeTop, FlangeTopLeft, WebTop, Web, WebBot, FlangeBotLeft, and FlangeBot.
    • It is associated with material Mat1 , which can refer to material properties or solid properties.

The C-section: option 1

  • When option 1 is active, i.e., when o1 = 1, the top flange is reinforced, as illustrated in fig. 2.
  • The geometric configuration of the reinforcement if defined by the dimensions listed in table 2, which are also indicated in fig. 2. Dimensions labeled in red are required. Dimensions labeled in blue are optional and are assigned the default value indicated in table 2.
Component Dimension Symbol Default Nb.
Web thickness ttfr ttf 09
Table 3. Dimensions defining the reinforcement of the top flange.
Figure 2. The C-section: option 1.
  • Zone 2 consists of the reinforcement of the top flange and is defined as follows.

The C-section: option 2

  • When option 2 is active, i.e., when o2 = 1, the bottom flange is reinforced, as illustrated in fig. 3.
  • The geometric configuration of the reinforcement if defined by the dimensions listed in table 2, which are also indicated in fig. 3. Dimensions labeled in red are required. Dimensions labeled in blue are optional and are assigned the default value indicated in table 2.
Component Dimension Symbol Default Nb.
FlangeBotReinf thickness tbfr tbf 10
Table 2. Dimensions defining the reinforcement of the top flange.
Figure 3. The C-section: option 2.
  • Zone 3 of the the reinforcement of the bottom flange is defined as follows.